- bench [bench]n.[ME < OE benc: see BANK2]1. a long, hard seat for several persons, with or without a back2. a seat between the two sides of a boat3. the place where judges sit in a court4. [sometimes B-]a) the status or office of a judgeb) judges collectivelyc) a law court5.a) an official's seat or his office, status, etc.b) the officials in this office☆ 6.a) a seat on which the players on a sports team sit when not participating in the actionb) auxiliary players collectively7. a stand upon which dogs, or cats, are exhibited and judged at a show8. a strong table on which work with tools is done, often one that is part of a machine; worktable9. a terrace along the bank of a body of water, often marking a former shoreline10. a shelflike layer of rock formed by erosion, mining, etc.11. a low, usually padded platform used in weight liftingvt.1. to provide with benches2. to place on a bench, esp. an official one3. to exhibit at a dog, or cat, show☆ 4. Sports to take or keep (a player) out of a game——————on the bench1. presiding in a law court; serving as a judge☆ 2. Sports not taking part in the game, as an auxiliary player
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.